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Hua-Chun Sun, Frederick A. A. Kingdom, Curtis L. Baker, Jr.; Texture density adaptation can be bidirectional. Journal of Vision 2017;17(8):9. doi: 10.1167/17.8.9.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Texture density has previously been thought of as a scalar attribute on the assumption that texture density adaptation only reduces, not enhances, perceived density (Durgin & Huk, 1997). This “unidirectional” property of density adaptation is in contradistinction to the finding that simultaneous density contrast (SDC) is “bidirectional”; that is, not only do denser surrounds reduce the perceived density of a lower density region, but sparser surrounds enhance it (Sun, Baker, & Kingdom, 2016). Here we reexamine the directionality of density adaptation using random dot patterns and a two-alternative forced choice task in which observers compare the perceived density of adapted test patches with unadapted match stimuli. In the first experiment, we observed a unidirectional density aftereffect when test and match were presented simultaneously as in previous studies. However, when they were presented sequentially, bidirectionality was obtained. This bidirectional aftereffect remained when the presentation order of test and match was reversed (second experiment). In the third experiment, we used sequential presentation to measure the density aftereffect for a wide range of adaptor densities (0–73 dots/deg2) and test densities (1.6, 6.4, and 25.6 dots/deg2). We found bidirectionality for all combinations of adaptor and test densities, consistent with our previous SDC results. This evidence supports the idea that there are multiple channels selective to texture density in human vision.
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