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Nava Rubin, Neil Albert; Real-world scenes can be easily recognized from their edge-detected renditions: Just add motion!. Journal of Vision 2001;1(3):37. doi: 10.1167/1.3.37.
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Background Edge-detected version of real-world scenes are hard to recognize. At the same time, edge detection seems to play a central role in visual cortical processing. The reconciliation of this apparent discrepancy may lie in the fact that the brain operates on a dynamic, constantly changing image. Purpose: Will recognition of dynamic edge-detected real-world scenes be better than that of their static counterparts? Methods Ten short movies (3–5 sec) of real-world scenes were recorded with a digital video camera at 30 Hz. The clips had to satisfy only one criterion: to contain motion (e.g., dogs playing, ball game). The original grayscale movies (GM) were converted to a series of still images; those were edge-detected with a standard algorithm (Canny), and re-synthesized into edge-detected movies (EDM). In addition, blank-interleaved (BI) movies were made by inserting 200 ms of blank screen after every frame of the grayscale (GBI) and edge-detected (EDBI) movies, respectively. The BI movies eliminated the sense of motion but retained the same amount of edge information. Observers were shown one of the four types of movies for each of the ten scenes, in randomized and counterbalanced order. Recognition scores were based on answers to one general (‘what is the scene’?) and one specific (‘how many dogs?’) question. Results Recognition of the EDMs was very high (97% correct) and not significantly different than that of GMs (98%). In contrast, recognition of the EDBIs was poor (51%), as expected from the informal observations about static edge-detected images. Good recognition of the GBIs (93%) ruled out the possibility that the poor performance in the EDBI condition resulted from any artifact of the blank-interleaving procedure. Conclusions: The information contained in edge-detected real-world scenes is more useful than previously appreciated. Neurophysiological and modeling studies need to consider how edge information is detected and processed in dynamic scenes.
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