November 2002
Volume 2, Issue 7
Free
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   November 2002
A computational model of recurrent, colinear long-range interaction in V1 for contour enhancement and junction detection
Author Affiliations
  • Thorsten Hansen
    Dept. of Neural Information Processing, University of Ulm, Germany
Journal of Vision November 2002, Vol.2, 106. doi:10.1167/2.7.106
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      ×
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Thorsten Hansen, Heiko Neumann; A computational model of recurrent, colinear long-range interaction in V1 for contour enhancement and junction detection. Journal of Vision 2002;2(7):106. doi: 10.1167/2.7.106.

      Download citation file:


      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

      ×
  • Supplements
Abstract

Physiological and psychophysical studies have demonstrated the importance of colinearity in visual processing. Motivated by these empirical findings we present a novel computational model of recurrent long-range processing in V1. Unlike other models which employ cocircular connection patterns, we restrict the long-range interaction to cells with colinear aligned RFs in accordance with empirical findings (e.g., Bosking et al., 1997). Besides colinear excitatory long-range interaction, the model uses isotropic inhibitory short-range interaction and modulating feedback. Self-normalizing shunting equations guarantee the saturation of activities after a few recurrent cycles. The primary computational goal of the model is to evaluate local, often noisy orientation measurements within a more global context and to selectively enhance coherent activity by excitatory, modulating feedback.

In a first study, the model quantitatively reproduces response facilitation and suppression to a single bar element depending on the local surround outside the classical RF (Kapadia et al., 1995). With same parameters, we evaluate the competencies of the model for the processing of artificial and natural images. We show that the model robustly increases the contour saliency (Li, 1999). Further, circular variance within a model hypercolumn is decreased along contours, but preserved at points of intrinsically 2D signal variations such as corners and junctions. Junctions can thus be robustly extracted based on a distributed, hypercolumnar representation. We show for a number of generic junction configurations (T, L, X, Y, W, Psi) and various natural images that junctions can be accurately and robustly detected. Moreover, localization is better and positive correctness higher compared to a detection scheme based on a purely feedforward representation.

To conclude, the model realizes basic tasks of early and midlevel vision within a single, biologically plausible architecture.

Hansen, T., Neumann, H.(2002). A computational model of recurrent, colinear long-range interaction in V1 for contour enhancement and junction detection [Abstract]. Journal of Vision, 2( 7): 106, 106a, http://journalofvision.org/2/7/106/, doi:10.1167/2.7.106. [CrossRef]
×
×

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.

×