November 2002
Volume 2, Issue 7
Free
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   November 2002
Prospective control of lane changing and tau-dot
Author Affiliations
  • Astros Chatziastros
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tuebingen, Germany
Journal of Vision November 2002, Vol.2, 639. doi:10.1167/2.7.639
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      Astros Chatziastros, Heinrich H. Buelthoff; Prospective control of lane changing and tau-dot. Journal of Vision 2002;2(7):639. doi: 10.1167/2.7.639.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Many manual and locomotor tasks require the actor to reach a certain position in space, while reducing movement velocity close to zero. The ‘tau-dot’ variable, the first temporal derivative of the current time-to-contact, was suggested to play a critical role in the prospective control of deceleration (e.g. Lee, 1976; Yilmaz & Warren, 1995). Lane changing can be considered as a biphasic task, where in a first phase a lateral velocity is produced (pull-out), which then has to be minimized in a second phase (approach to the envisaged lane). This second alignment phase necessarily requires prospective control of the lateral deceleration. Here we asked, whether lane changing might be guided by tau-dot, resulting in a lateral approach to the new lane with tau-dot values kept constant at or regulated around −0.5. In a driving simulation using a large cylindrical projection screen (7m diameter), 46 participants were asked to drive in a 3.5 m wide straight lane and to perform consecutive lane changes to an adjacent lane. The deceleration of 1460 trajectories of the second phase were analyzed, computing fit and slope of a linear regression of time-to-contact with respect to time. We found that two-thirds of the lane changes can be described by a single tau-dot value (criterion r > 0.6, mean r = 0.94). These trials yield a mean tau-dot of −0.499 (sd = 0.132), which is in suprising agreement with the theoretical value of −0.5. Futhermore, we observed also a positive correlation (r = 0.68) between the time required for the completion of the lane change and the tau-dot values. Our results complement previous studies showing evidence for the use of the tau-dot variable, even when the point of termination of the approach was largely self-defined, as it was true for our task. Drivers prefered a path with a constant lateral deceleration, despite the non-linear relationship between lateral deceleration and steering-wheel amplitude.

Chatziastros, A., Buelthoff, H. H.(2002). Prospective control of lane changing and tau-dot [Abstract]. Journal of Vision, 2( 7): 639, 639a, http://journalofvision.org/2/7/639/, doi:10.1167/2.7.639. [CrossRef]
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