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Franco Delogu, George Fedorov, Marta Olivetti Belardinelli, Cees van Leeuwen; Perceptual preferences in depth stratification
of transparent layers: Photometric and
non-photometric factors. Journal of Vision 2010;10(2):19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/10.2.19.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
In three experiments, using a two-alternative forced-choice task, we obtained depth judgments of displays containing transparent regions. The regions varied in lightness, size, and animation. Observers nearly always strongly preferred one certain depth ordering among the regions, even though their lightness conditions were expected to give rise to ambiguity among possible orderings. This expectation was based on the contrast polarity model, which expects ambiguity in the absence of contrast polarity reversal. The expectation was founded also on a stronger condition based on the transmittance anchoring principle, which gives preference to the largest lightness contrast between regions. In the absence of contrast polarity reversal and in conditions of balanced regional contrast, preferences were shown to depend on additional conditions of contrast between two respective regions and their overlap. Depth ordering judgment seems to be based on a critical decision threshold, independently of the coordinate system used to specify lightness. We also investigated the role of non-photometric factors such as motion and relative size, and concluded that these variables can modulate depth ordering judgments in transparency.
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