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Casper J. Erkelens; A dual visual–local feedback model of the vergence eye movement system. Journal of Vision 2011;11(10):21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/11.10.21.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Pure vergence movements are the eye movements that we make when we change our binocular fixation between targets differing in distance but not in direction relative to the head. Pure vergence is slow and controlled by visual feedback. Saccades are the rapid eye movements that we make between targets differing in direction. Saccades are extremely fast and controlled by a local, non-visual feedback loop. Usually, we change our fixation between targets that differ in both distance and direction. Then, vergence eye movements are combined with saccades. A number of models have been proposed to explain the dynamics of saccade-related vergence movements. The models have in common that visual input is ignored for the duration of the responses. This type of control is realistic for saccades but not for vergence. Here, I present computations performed to investigate if a model using dual visual and local feedback can replace the current models. Simulations and stability analysis lead to a model that computes an estimate of target vergence instead of retinal disparity and uses this signal as the main drive. Further analysis shows that the model describes the dynamics of pure vergence responses over the full physiological range, saccade-related vergence movements, and vergence adaptation. The structure of the model leads to new hypotheses about the control of vergence.
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