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Jun Saiki, Alex O. Holcombe; Blindness to a simultaneous change of all elements in a scene, unless there is a change in summary statistics. Journal of Vision 2012;12(3):2. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/12.3.2.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Sudden change of every object in a display is typically conspicuous. We find however that in the presence of a secondary task, with a display of moving dots, it can be difficult to detect a sudden change in color of all the dots. A field of 200 dots, half red and half green, half moving rightward and half moving leftward, gave the appearance of two surfaces. When all 200 dots simultaneously switched color between red and green, performance in detecting the switch was very poor. A key display characteristic was that the color proportions on each surface (summary statistics) were not affected by the color switch. When the color switch is accompanied by a change in these summary statistics, people perform well in detecting the switch, suggesting that the secondary task does not disrupt the availability of this statistical information. These findings suggest that when the change is missed, the old and new colors were represented, but the color–location pattern (binding of colors to locations) was not represented or not compared. Even after extended viewing, changes to the individual color–location pattern are not available, suggesting that the feeling of seeing these details is misleading.
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