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Sven Mucke, Velitchko Manahilov, Niall C. Strang, Dirk Seidel, Lyle S. Gray, Uma Shahani; Investigating the mechanisms that may underlie the reduction in contrast sensitivity during dynamic accommodation. Journal of Vision 2010;10(5):5. doi: 10.1167/10.5.5.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Head and eye movements, together with ocular accommodation enable us to explore our visual environment. The stability of this environment is maintained during saccadic and vergence eye movements due to reduced contrast sensitivity to low spatial frequency information. Our recent work has revealed a new type of selective reduction of contrast sensitivity to high spatial frequency patterns during the fast phase of dynamic accommodation responses compared with steady-state accommodation. Here were report data which show a strong correlation between the effects of reduced contrast sensitivity during dynamic accommodation and velocity of accommodation responses, elicited by ramp changes in accommodative demand. The results were accounted for by a contrast gain control model of a cortical mechanism for contrast detection during dynamic ocular accommodation. Sensitivity, however, was not altered during attempted accommodation responses in the absence of crystalline-lens changes due to cycloplegia. These findings suggest that contrast sensitivity reduction during dynamic accommodation may be a consequence of cortical inhibition driven by proprioceptive-like signals originating within the ciliary muscle, rather than by corollary discharge signals elicited simultaneously with the motor command to the ciliary muscle.
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