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Andrea Pavan, Rosilari Bellacosa Marotti, George Mather; Motion-form interactions beyond the motion integration level: Evidence for interactions between orientation and optic flow signals. Journal of Vision 2013;13(6):16. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/13.6.16.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Motion and form encoding are closely coupled in the visual system. A number of physiological studies have shown that neurons in the striate and extrastriate cortex (e.g., V1 and MT) are selective for motion direction parallel to their preferred orientation, but some neurons also respond to motion orthogonal to their preferred spatial orientation. Recent psychophysical research (Mather, Pavan, Bellacosa, & Casco, 2012) has demonstrated that the strength of adaptation to two fields of transparently moving dots is modulated by simultaneously presented orientation signals, suggesting that the interaction occurs at the level of motion integrating receptive fields in the extrastriate cortex. In the present psychophysical study, we investigated whether motion-form interactions take place at a higher level of neural processing where optic flow components are extracted. In Experiment 1, we measured the duration of the motion aftereffect (MAE) generated by contracting or expanding dot fields in the presence of either radial (parallel) or concentric (orthogonal) counterphase pedestal gratings. To tap the stage at which optic flow is extracted, we measured the duration of the phantom MAE (Weisstein, Maguire, & Berbaum, 1977) in which we adapted and tested different parts of the visual field, with orientation signals presented either in the adapting (Experiment 2) or nonadapting (Experiments 3 and 4) sectors. Overall, the results showed that motion adaptation is suppressed most by orientation signals orthogonal to optic flow direction, suggesting that motion-form interactions also take place at the global motion level where optic flow is extracted.
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