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Hao Sun, Joel Pokorny, Vivianne C. Smith; Rod-cone interactions assessed in inferred magnocellular and parvocellular postreceptoral pathways. Journal of Vision 2001;1(1):5. doi: 10.1167/1.1.5.
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Interactions between receptor-isolating rod and long (L)- or middle (M)-wavelength-sensitive cone modulations at 2 Hz and 10 Hz were analyzed in terms of underlying inferred magnocellular (MC) and parvocellular (PC) postreceptoral pathways. Stimuli originated from a colorimeter with 4 primaries in both the center and surround fields. The first experiment employed a phase paradigm in which the thresholds for mixed rod and cone modulations were measured as a function of relative phase. The amplitudes of the rod and cone modulations, equated in threshold units, were varied in tandem. In the second experiment, thresholds for mixed rod and cone modulations were measured as a function of the ratio of the rod and cone modulation amplitudes for 2 fixed phase offsets. Both experiments yielded similar interpretations of rod and L- (or M-) cone interactions. At 1 and 10 troland (td), rod and L- (or M-) cone interactions varied depending on the postreceptoral pathways underlying the detection. When cone thresholds were mediated by the inferred MC pathway, rod and cone thresholds showed almost linear summation. When cone thresholds were mediated by the inferred PC pathway, rod and cone thresholds showed probability summation. Assuming that signals within the same pathway follow linear summation, and signals traveling in different pathways follow probability summation, we concluded that the rod thresholds were mediated by the inferred MC pathway for both the 2-Hz and 10-Hz conditions.
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