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Maciej Pajak, Antje Nuthmann; Object-based saccadic selection during scene perception: Evidence from viewing position effects. Journal of Vision 2013;13(5):2. doi: 10.1167/13.5.2.
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© 2017 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
The goal of the present study was to further test the hypothesis that objects are important units of saccade targeting and, by inference, attentional selection in real-world scene perception. To this end, we investigated where people fixate within objects embedded in natural scenes. Previously, we reported a preferred viewing location (PVL) close to the center of objects (Nuthmann & Henderson, 2010). Here, we qualify this basic finding by showing that the PVL is affected by object size and the distance between the object and the previous fixation (i.e., launch site distance). Moreover, we examined how within-object fixation position affected subsequent eye-movement behavior on the object. Unexpectedly, there was no refixation optimal viewing position (OVP) effect for objects in scenes. Where viewers initially placed their eyes on an object did not affect the likelihood of refixating that object, suggesting that some refixations on objects in scenes are made for reasons other than insufficient visual information. A fixation-duration inverted-optimal viewing (IOVP) effect was found for large objects: Fixations located at object center were longer than those falling near the edges of an object. Collectively, these findings lend further support to the notion of object-based saccade targeting in scenes.
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