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Abhiram S. Vilupuru, Austin Roorda, Adrian Glasser; Spatially variant changes in lens power during ocular accommodation in a rhesus monkey eye. Journal of Vision 2004;4(4):6. doi: 10.1167/4.4.6.
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This study investigated the changes in ocular aberrations that occur over the entire lens equatorial diameter during accommodation in iridectomized rhesus monkey eyes to understand the nature of accommodative lenticular deformation. Accommodation was centrally stimulated to a range of different response amplitudes (0 D to ∼ 11 D), and ocular aberrations were measured with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor in both eyes of one previously iridectomized 10-year-old rhesus monkey. At the highest amplitude in the two eyes, aberrations were analyzed over entrance pupil diameters ranging from 3 to 8 mm in steps of 1 mm. Root mean square error of the total measured aberrations, excluding defocus, increased systematically with increasing accommodation from about 1 to 3.5 microns. Spherical aberration became systematically more negative, and vertical coma increased significantly in magnitude with accommodation. There was a strong accommodative change in power near the center of the lens and little change in power at the periphery. At the highest accommodative state, decreasing the analyzed entrance pupil diameter from 8 to 3 mm considerably reduced the wavefront error. The greater increase in optical power near the central region of the lens, combined with an accommodative pupillary miosis, would serve to maximize accommodative refractive change while maintaining acceptable image quality.
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