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Ethan A. Rossi, Pinky Weiser, Janice Tarrant, Austin Roorda; Visual performance in emmetropia and low myopia after correction of high-order aberrations. Journal of Vision 2007;7(8):14. doi: 10.1167/7.8.14.
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© 2015 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
Myopic observers may not benefit to the same extent as emmetropes from adaptive optics (AO) correction in a visual acuity (VA) task. To investigate this, we measured AO-corrected VA in 10 low myopes and 9 emmetropes. Subjects were grouped by refractive error. Mean spherical equivalent refractive error was −2.73 D ( SEM = 0.35) for the myopes and 0.04 D ( SEM = 0.1) for the emmetropes. All subjects had best corrected VA of 20/20 or better. The AO scanning laser ophthalmoscope was used to project ultrasharp stimuli onto the retina of each observer. High-contrast photopic acuity was measured using a tumbling E test with and without AO correction. AO-corrected minimum angle of resolution was 0.61′ ( SEM = 0.02′) for the myopes and 0.49′ ( SEM = 0.03′) for the emmetropes. The difference between groups is significant ( p = .0017). This effect is even greater ( p = .00013) when accounting for spectacle magnification and axial length, with myopes and emmetropes able to resolve critical features on the retina with a mean size of 2.87 μm ( SEM = 0.07) and 2.25 μm ( SEM = 0.1), respectively. Emmetropes and low myopes will both benefit from AO correction in a VA task but not to the same extent. Optical aberrations do not limit VA in low myopia after AO correction. There is no difference in the high-order aberrations of emmetropes and low myopes. Retinal and/or cortical factors limit VA in low myopes after AO correction.
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