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John M. Henderson, Myriam Chanceaux, Tim J. Smith; The influence of clutter on real-world scene search: Evidence from search efficiency and eye movements. Journal of Vision 2009;9(1):32. doi: 10.1167/9.1.32.
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We investigated the relationship between visual clutter and visual search in real-world scenes. Specifically, we investigated whether visual clutter, indexed by feature congestion, sub-band entropy, and edge density, correlates with search performance as assessed both by traditional behavioral measures (response time and error rate) and by eye movements. Our results demonstrate that clutter is related to search performance. These results hold for both traditional search measures and for eye movements. The results suggest that clutter may serve as an image-based proxy for search set size in real-world scenes.
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