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Marc O. Ernst, Vera Endress; The quality of feedback does not affect the rate of visuomotor adaptation. Journal of Vision 2004;4(8):286. doi: 10.1167/4.8.286.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Under many conditions, the human visuomotor system quickly adapts when confronted with spatially discrepant stimuli. This adaptability can easily be demonstrated with for example the change in pointing behavior when first wearing prism glasses. Here we asked whether the quality of feedback, that is its reliability, has an effect on the rate of adaptation. The hypothesis was that the system should adapt more quickly if the feedback was more reliable. To investigate this question we conducted two adaptation experiments: One pointing experiment (closed-loop), in which we measured the rate of adaptation to a lateral prismatic displacement, and a grasping experiment (open-loop), in which we measured adaptation to a size conflict of visually magnified objects. The experiments were conducted in three phases: A pre-adaptation phase to establish baseline performance, an adaptation phase in which the visuomotor conflict was introduced, and a post-adaptation phase to determine the after-effect. We determined the rate of adaptation from the change in visuomotor behavior during the second and third phases. In several conditions the reliability of feedback was manipulated. In the pointing experiment we varied the feedback reliability by blurring the target stimulus, which was a Gaussian blob of 10% contrast (sigma = 4, 32, 48 deg). In the grasping experiment we presented rectangular blocks of five different sizes for open-loop grasping. Here the feedback was manipulated by either adding noise to the visual display or by varying the haptic presentation time. The effectiveness of all feedback manipulations was assessed by measuring discrimination thresholds. To our surprise, in both experiments, closed-loop pointing and open-loop grasping, there was no significant effect of the reliability of feedback on the rate of adaptation. We conclude that the rate of visuomotor adaptation depends on the sensory estimate that determines the conflict but not on its reliability.
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