September 2005
Volume 5, Issue 8
Free
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2005
Gender differences in selective attention: Evidence from a spatial orienting task
Author Affiliations
  • Paul Merritt
    Department of Psychology, Texas A & M Corpus Christi
  • Elliot Hirshman
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University
  • Whitney Wharton
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University
  • James Devlin
    Department of Psychology, Texas A & M Corpus Christi
  • Bethany Stangl
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University
  • Sarah Bennett
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University
  • Laurie Hawkins
    Department of Exercise Science, George Washington University
Journal of Vision September 2005, Vol.5, 1000. doi:10.1167/5.8.1000
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      Paul Merritt, Elliot Hirshman, Whitney Wharton, James Devlin, Bethany Stangl, Sarah Bennett, Laurie Hawkins; Gender differences in selective attention: Evidence from a spatial orienting task. Journal of Vision 2005;5(8):1000. doi: 10.1167/5.8.1000.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Selective attention is considered a central component of cognitive functioning. While a number of studies have demonstrated gender differences in cognitive tasks, there has been little research conducted on gender differences in selective attention. To test for gender differences in selective attention we tested 80 undergraduates using a spatial orienting task with an endogenous (centrally located arrow) cue. While males and females showed similar benefits across four cue-target intervals, females showed greater costs at 500 ms stimulus-onset asynchrony. The potential role of an inhibitory deficit in males is proposed as a possible explanation for these results.

Merritt, P. Hirshman, E. Wharton, W. Devlin, J. Stangl, B. Bennett, S. Hawkins, L. (2005). Gender differences in selective attention: Evidence from a spatial orienting task [Abstract]. Journal of Vision, 5(8):1000, 1000a, http://journalofvision.org/5/8/1000/, doi:10.1167/5.8.1000. [CrossRef]
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