May 2008
Volume 8, Issue 6
Free
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2008
Evidence for adaptive design in human gaze preference
Author Affiliations
  • Claire A. Conway
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, UK
  • Benedict C Jones
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, UK
  • Lisa M. DeBruine
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, UK
  • Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, UK
Journal of Vision May 2008, Vol.8, 716. doi:10.1167/8.6.716
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      Claire A. Conway, Benedict C Jones, Lisa M. DeBruine, Anthony C Little; Evidence for adaptive design in human gaze preference. Journal of Vision 2008;8(6):716. doi: 10.1167/8.6.716.

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Abstract

Many studies have investigated the physical cues that influence face preferences. By contrast, relatively few studies have investigated the effects of facial cues to the direction and valence of others' social interest (i.e. gaze direction and facial expressions) on face preferences. Here we found that participants demonstrated stronger preferences for direct gaze when judging the attractiveness of happy faces than that of disgusted faces, and that this effect of expression on the strength of attraction to direct gaze was particularly pronounced for judgements of opposite-sex faces (study 1). By contrast, no such opposite-sex bias in preferences for direct gaze was observed when participants judged the same faces for likeability (study 2). Collectively, these findings for a context-sensitive opposite-sex bias in preferences for perceiver-directed smiles, but not perceiver-directed disgust, suggest gaze preference functions, at least in part, to facilitate efficient allocation of mating effort, and evince adaptive design in the perceptual mechanisms that underpin face preferences.

Conway, C. A. Jones, B. C. DeBruine, L. M. Little, A. C. (2008). Evidence for adaptive design in human gaze preference [Abstract]. Journal of Vision, 8(6):716, 716a, http://journalofvision.org/8/6/716/, doi:10.1167/8.6.716. [CrossRef]
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