December 2010
Volume 10, Issue 15
Free
OSA Fall Vision Meeting Abstract  |   December 2010
Accommodation in Down syndrome - more questions than answers
Author Affiliations
  • J. Margaret Woodhouse
    School of Optometry & Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, UK
Journal of Vision December 2010, Vol.10, 34. doi:10.1167/10.15.34
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      J. Margaret Woodhouse; Accommodation in Down syndrome - more questions than answers. Journal of Vision 2010;10(15):34. doi: 10.1167/10.15.34.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Inaccurate accommodation in children with Down syndrome (DS) has been reported by our and other groups for some years, but we are still a long way from understanding what causes the deficit. About three quarters of children with DS consistently under-accommodate and, curiously, the deficit persists when hypermetropia is corrected. Bifocals are successful in improving the accommodative response and rendering near work in focus. Recently, we have shown that 40% of children who wear bifocals ultimately ‘learn’ to use their own accommodation accurately and are able to dispense with the bifocals. This finding suggests that it is not the case that children with DS can't accommodate accurately, but that they don't. The challenge is, therefore, to determine what allows some children to develop accurate accommodation spontaneously, and what feature of bifocals allows others to develop it later.

References
Al-Bagdady, M., Stewart, R. E., Watts, P., Murphy, P. J., Woodhouse, J. M.(2009). Bifocals and Down's syndrome: correction or treatment? Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics, 29, 416–421.
Cregg, M., Woodhouse, J. M., Pakeman, V. H., Saunders, K. J., Gunter, H. L., Parker, M. et al.(2001). Accommodation and refractive error in children with Down syndrome: cross sectional and longitudinal studies. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 42, 55–63.
Nandakumar, K., Leat, S. J.(2009). Bifocals in Down Syndrome Study (BiDS): Design and baseline visual function. Optometry and Vision Science, 86, 196–207.
Stewart, R. E., Woodhouse, J. M., Trojanowska, L. D.(2005). In focus: the use of bifocals for children with Down's syndrome. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics, 25, 514–522.
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