August 2012
Volume 12, Issue 9
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Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   August 2012
Periodic motion trajectory detection: Effects of frequency and radius
Author Affiliations
  • Yousra Haque
    Centre for Vision Research, York University
  • Frances Wilkinson
    Centre for Vision Research, York University
  • Charles Or
    Centre for Vision Research, York University
  • Hugh R. Wilson
    Centre for Vision Research, York University
Journal of Vision August 2012, Vol.12, 150. doi:10.1167/12.9.150
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      Yousra Haque, Frances Wilkinson, Charles Or, Hugh R. Wilson; Periodic motion trajectory detection: Effects of frequency and radius. Journal of Vision 2012;12(9):150. doi: 10.1167/12.9.150.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Static radial frequency (RF) patterns (Wilkinson et al., Vision Research, 1998) have proved a useful tool for studying the combination of local and global processes underlying shape discrimination. Or et al.’s (JOV, 2011) investigation into detection sensitivity for temporal RF defined motion trajectories (RF 2 – 5) yielded a similar pattern of sensitivity increasing with radial frequency over this range, but with higher thresholds overall. The current study extended our investigation of parallels between spatial contour and temporal trajectory analysis by examining detection thresholds for higher RF trajectories and for a range of trajectory radii. Amplitude thresholds for detection of non-circular trajectories were measured in a 2IFC paradigm (circular vs. RF trajectory) using the method of constant stimuli. In Exp 1, thresholds for RF3, RF6, RF9, and RF12 were assessed for trajectories of 1 deg radius in 8 observers. Thresholds for the detection of RF 3 trajectories were significantly higher than thresholds for RF 6-12 [F(3,21) = 65.36, p<0.0001], which approached an asymptotic value of 0.4 min of arc. In Exp 2 (N=4), radii of 2° and 4° were examined for the same RF range. Detection thresholds increased with trajectory radius at all RFs tested. Described as a proportion of the radius (Weber fraction), thresholds were very similar across a 4-fold range of radii, suggesting trajectory shape constancy at threshold. Our findings replicate the results of Or et al. (2011) at RF3, and demonstrate that, as is the case for static RF patterns, thresholds for trajectories approach asymptote for RFs between 6 and 12 cycles, and show a constant Weber fraction for radii up to at least 4°. Although overall thresholds are higher by a factor of 2-6 than for static RF patterns, these similarities suggest that analogous global processing mechanisms may exist in the spatial and spatio-temporal domains.

Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2012

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