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Cindy Bukach, Jasmine Cottle, Joanna Ubiwa, Jessica Miller; Individuation Experience Predicts Other-Race Effects in Holistic Processing. Journal of Vision 2012;12(9):637. doi: 10.1167/12.9.637.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Same-race (SR) faces are recognized better than other-race (OR) faces, and this other-race effect (ORE) is correlated with experience. SR faces are also processed less holistically than OR faces, suggesting one possible mechanism for poorer performance on OR faces. Studies of object expertise have shown that individuating experiences are necessary for holistic processing to develop; yet thus far no studies have investigated the role of quality of experience and the ORE for holistic processing. In the present study, we found a strong negative correlation between a self-report of individuating experience and the ORE in holistic processing in both Caucasian and Black participants, indicating that the more individuating experience a person has, the less ORE in holistic processing. This confirms the critical role of individuating experience in development of holistic processing for faces and suggests that quality of experience is a key determinant of the manner in which OR faces are processed.
Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2012
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