December 2012
Volume 12, Issue 14
Free
OSA Fall Vision Meeting Abstract  |   December 2012
An eye-movement-defined hierarchy of visual stimuli
Author Affiliations
  • Jeffrey B. Mulligan
    NASA Ames Research Center
  • Scott B. Stevenson
    University of Houston College of Optometry
Journal of Vision December 2012, Vol.12, 44. doi:10.1167/12.14.44
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      Jeffrey B. Mulligan, Scott B. Stevenson; An eye-movement-defined hierarchy of visual stimuli. Journal of Vision 2012;12(14):44. doi: 10.1167/12.14.44.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Reverse correlation of stimulus velocity with eye velocity can be used to infer pursuit latency in a task in which a subject attempts to follow a target undergoing random motion. Using a binocular dual Purkinje image eye tracker equipped with stimulus deflectors, we measured tracking responses to four-dimensional motion, produced by delivering an independent random walk to each eye, analyzing the results in terms of horizontal and vertical vergence and version. High-contrast luminance-defined stimuli produce the shortest latencies (around 100 msec); varying texture contrast increases the delay by approximately 50 msec / log unit. Nulling the first-order luminance contrast in a second-order constrast-modulated target produces a dramatic increase in latency (over 100 msec additional delay), and abolishes the vertical vergence response - the only one of the four types of movement that cannot be executed voluntarily. We propose a model of the system in which a fast reflexive system responds to a limited class of stimuli, while a slower voluntary system is capable of tracking anything that can be seen.

Meeting abstract presented at OSA Fall Vision 2012

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