August 2014
Volume 14, Issue 10
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Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   August 2014
Flanking Magnitudes: Dissociation between Numerosity and Numerical Value in a Selective Attention Task
Author Affiliations
  • Sharon Naparstek
    Department of Psychology and the Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  • Ziad Safadi
    Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester NY, USA.
  • Limor Lichtenstein-Vidne
    Department of Psychology and the Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  • Avishai Henik
    Department of Psychology and the Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Journal of Vision August 2014, Vol.14, 547. doi:10.1167/14.10.547
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      Sharon Naparstek, Ziad Safadi, Limor Lichtenstein-Vidne, Avishai Henik; Flanking Magnitudes: Dissociation between Numerosity and Numerical Value in a Selective Attention Task. Journal of Vision 2014;14(10):547. doi: 10.1167/14.10.547.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

The current research examined whether attention and task relevance modulate numerical processing. In two experiments, participants were presented with a target matrix flanked by a distractor matrix and were asked to perform a comparative judgment (i.e., decide whether the target was larger or smaller than the reference 5). In Experiment 1, the target was symbolic (i.e., a single digit) and in Experiment 2, it was nonsymbolic (i.e., a random presentation of dots). In both experiments flanker matrices had two dimensions—numerosity and numerical value—which were manipulated orthogonally to create stimulus congruent, and stimulus incongruent conditions. Incongruent trials differed in the laterality between target and flanker (i.e., their location in relation to the reference 5). When responding to symbolic targets (Experiment 1), only the flanker's numerical value affected reaction times (RTs), whereas when responding to nonsymbolic targets (Experiment 2), only the flanker's numerosity affected RTs. In addition, the pattern of flanker interference differed between targets: for symbolic targets, laterality did not affect responses whereas for nonsymbolic targets, laterality did affect responses. These results imply both symbolic and nonsymbolic magnitudes can be automatically activated; however, this activation is contingent upon their relevance to the task at hand. Implications of these results on the efficiency of the visual processing system and on numerical cognition are further discussed.

Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2014

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