August 2014
Volume 14, Issue 10
Free
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   August 2014
The Role of Monocular Dominance in Rivalry Onset Bias
Author Affiliations
  • Jody Stanley
    Melbourne School of Psychological Science, University of Melbourne
  • Jason Forte
    Melbourne School of Psychological Science, University of Melbourne
  • Alexander Maier
    Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, Vanderbilt University
  • Olivia Carter
    Melbourne School of Psychological Science, University of Melbourne
Journal of Vision August 2014, Vol.14, 1235. doi:10.1167/14.10.1235
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      Jody Stanley, Jason Forte, Alexander Maier, Olivia Carter; The Role of Monocular Dominance in Rivalry Onset Bias. Journal of Vision 2014;14(10):1235. doi: 10.1167/14.10.1235.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

When an observer is presented with dissimilar images to the right and left eye, the images will alternate every few seconds in a phenomenon known as binocular rivalry. Recent research has suggested that at the initial 'onset' period of rivalry there is typically a bias towards one image, which varies between individuals and across the visual field, and does not appear to be related to average dominance in sustained viewing. To further characterize the role that monocular dominance plays in the onset bias, 4 trained observers were presented with a small 0.75 degree patch of orthogonal achromatic gratings at the fovea and at 24 locations, sampling the region within 1.5 degrees eccentricity from the fovea. Gratings were presented for 1 second with 20 trials in each location. Gratings were also presented twice in every location for 1 minute to compare any onset bias with average dominance over sustained viewing. Results reveal individual differences in the contribution of eye dominance to the onset bias, with individuals displaying degrees of either right eye dominance or temporal hemifield dominance. When compared with sustained viewing, 3 out of 4 observers showed correlations between onset biases and biases in average dominance. These results demonstrate that monocular dominance plays a significant role in determining dominance at the onset of rivalry, though there are individual differences in the pattern of bias across the visual field. Monocular dominance can also affect dominance in ongoing rivalry in a way that correlates with the onset bias; however, this does not seem to be the case for all observers, suggesting that the neural mechanisms underlying onset and sustained rivalry may be distinct. In addition, some initial data assessing the relationship between onset bias and the stabilization seen with intermittent presentation will also be discussed.

Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2014

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