August 2014
Volume 14, Issue 10
Free
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   August 2014
Rapid spatial perspective taking for obstructed views
Author Affiliations
  • Lewis Baker
    Department of Psychology & Human Development, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University
  • Daniel Levin
    Department of Psychology & Human Development, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University
Journal of Vision August 2014, Vol.14, 1270. doi:10.1167/14.10.1270
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      Lewis Baker, Daniel Levin; Rapid spatial perspective taking for obstructed views. Journal of Vision 2014;14(10):1270. doi: 10.1167/14.10.1270.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Developmental research has demonstrated infants' ability to monitor goals and intentions as early as 8 months old, yet research consistently reveals that adult perspective taking is cognitively effortful and error prone. Several recent studies have tested a two-system theory, whereby a relatively quick, heuristic process tracks the basic visuospatial perspective of others, while a relatively slow, effortful process selects and evaluates the belief states leading to higher-level theory of mind. However, experiments supporting two systems have consistently equated spatial perspective taking with gaze direction. In a psychophysical paradigm, participants were rapidly cued to take their own or an avatars' perspective, and judged whether that perspective could see a number of objects within the range of subitization. In some trials, the avatar's view was obstructed by a barricade. Reaction time and error rate rose significantly when self and other views conflicted, even when taking one's own perspective. Results support a heuristic mechanism that quickly assess the content of another's perspective.

Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2014

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