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Hannah Smithson, Joel Pokorny; Psychophysical assessment of the L:M weighting of inputs to the ON and OFF S-cone pathways. Journal of Vision 2002;2(10):54. doi: 10.1167/2.10.54.
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New data on S-OFF ganglion cells (Dacey et al., 2001) reveal anatomical and physiological differences between ON and OFF S-cone pathways. From transient tritanopia data, McLellen & Eskew (2000) reasoned that ON and OFF S-cone pathways may have different L:M cone weights. Here, in Experiment One, we measured temporal 2AFC thresholds for detecting increment and decrement pulses (abrupt onset, ramped offset; 400 ms) that were defined only by a change in S-cone stimulation. We measured threshold versus radiance (tvr) curves for two adapting chromaticities: high L:M ratio or low L:M ratio. Stimuli originated from a colorimeter with four primaries in centre and in surround that allowed independent modulation of the rods and each of the 3 cone types. In Experiment Two we measured detection of increment and decrement pulses (rectangular; 200 ms) on a neutral reference field, 400 ms after the offset of a long-wavelength adapting field. We measured thresholds as a function of the retinal illuminance of the adapting light, and used two different adapting chromaticities. We used two classes of test stimuli. One offered pure S-cone modulation, and the other included a rod modulation in order to simulate McLellen & Eskew's nominally S-isolating stimuli generated on a CRT. Results from Experiment One were inconsistent with different ON/OFF L:M cone weightings: increment and decrement tvr curves superposed for both adapting fields. Data from Experiment Two replicated McLellen & Eskew's result: the relation between increment and decrement thresholds changed as a function of the L:M ratio in the adapting field. We suggest it is unlikely that the inferred ON and OFF S-cone pathways differ in L:M weighting. McLellen & Eskew's result may in part be ascribed to the rod signal associated with their test stimuli.
Dacey, Peterson, Gamlin & Robinson., 2001. “Retrograde ‘photofilling’ reveals the complete dendritic morphology of diverse new ganglion cell types that project to the lateral geniculate nucleus in macaque monkey”. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 42 Supplement, 617.
McLellen & Eskew, 2000. “ON and OFF S-cone pathways have different long-wave cone inputs”. Vision Research, 40, 2449–2465.
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