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Yong R. Su, Zijiang J. He, Teng Leng Ooi; Seeing grating-textured surface begins at the border. Journal of Vision 2011;11(1):14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/11.1.14.
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Two experiments were conducted to reveal that the human visual system represents grating texture surface using a border-to-interior strategy. This strategy dictates that the visual system first registers the surface boundary contour and then sequentially spreads texture from the border to the interior of the image. Our experiments measured the perceived grating texture surface at various stimulus durations after the onset of a grating texture image. We found that the grating texture is initially seen near the boundary contours, with eventual spreading inward to the center of the image. To quantify the observation, the extent of the texture spreading from the boundary contour is measured as a function of the stimulus duration (30–500 ms). This allows us to analyze the texture spreading in retinal and cortical distances, based on human fMRI studies of the cortical magnification factor in cortical areas V1–V4, and to derive the spreading speed. We found that the spreading speed is constant when scaled according to the cortical distance. Similar findings are obtained no matter whether the grating texture image is presented monocularly or dichoptically, suggesting the generality of the border-to-interior strategy for representing surfaces.
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