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Gang Luo, Tyler Garaas, Marc Pomplun, Eli Peli; Inconsistency between peri-saccadic mislocalization and compression: Evidence for separate “what” and “where” visual systems. Journal of Vision 2010;10(12):32. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/10.12.32.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The view of two separate “what” and “where” visual systems is supported by compelling neurophysiological evidence. However, very little direct psychophysical evidence has been presented to suggest that the two functions can be separated in neurologically intact persons. Using a peri-saccadic perception paradigm in which bars of different lengths were flashed around saccade onset, we directly measured the perceived object size (a “what” attribute) and location (a “where” attribute). We found that the perceived object location shifted toward the saccade target to show strongly compressed localization, whereas the perceived object size was not compressed accordingly. This dissociation indicates that the perceived size is not determined by spatial localization of the object boundary, providing direct psychophysical evidence to support that “what” and “where” attributes of objects are indeed processed separately.
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