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Wonyeong Sohn, Adriane E. Seiffert; Motion aftereffects specific to surface depth order: Beyond binocular disparity. Journal of Vision 2006;6(2):3. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/6.2.3.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Despite evidence for concurrent processing of motion and stereopsis from psychophysics and neurophysiology, the detailed relationship between depth and motion processing is not yet clear. Using the contingent aftereffect paradigm, we investigated how the order of surfaces presented across depth influenced motion perception. After having observers adapt to two superimposed populations of dots moving in opposite directions at different binocular disparities, we assessed how much of the motion aftereffect (MAE) was specific to absolute disparity and how much was specific to the depth order of the surfaces. The test contained two planes of moving dots at several different pairs of disparities and asked observers to report the MAE direction at one of the planes (the target). In addition to the disparity-contingent MAE (Verstraten, Verlinde, Fredericksen, & van de Grind, 1994), we found MAEs dependent on surface order. When the target surface was in front of another surface, observers more often reported the MAE in the direction opposite to the front adapting surface than the back. This effect was observed despite differences in absolute and relative disparity between the adapted and test surfaces. The results suggest that some motion information is represented in terms of surface depth order.
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