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Zakia Hammal, Martin Arguin, Frédéric Gosselin; Comparing a novel model based on the transferable belief model with humans during the recognition of partially occluded facial expressions. Journal of Vision 2009;9(2):22. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/9.2.22.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Humans recognize basic facial expressions effortlessly. Yet, despite a considerable amount of research, this task remains elusive for computer vision systems. Here, we compared the behavior of one of the best computer models of facial expression recognition (Z. Hammal, L. Couvreur, A. Caplier, & M. Rombaut, 2007) with the behavior of human observers during the M. Smith, G. Cottrell, F. Gosselin, and P. G. Schyns ( 2005) facial expression recognition task performed on stimuli randomly sampled using Gaussian apertures. The model—which we had to significantly modify in order to give the ability to deal with partially occluded stimuli—classifies the six basic facial expressions (Happiness, Fear, Sadness, Surprise, Anger, and Disgust) plus Neutral from static images based on the permanent facial feature deformations and the Transferable Belief Model (TBM). Three simulations demonstrated the suitability of the TBM-based model to deal with partially occluded facial parts and revealed the differences between the facial information used by humans and by the model. This opens promising perspectives for the future development of the model.
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