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Ilias Rentzeperis, David M. Alexander, Daniel C. Kiper, Cees van Leeuwen; Orientation perception anisotropies indicate functional segregation within the color system. Journal of Vision 2015;15(9):13. doi: 10.1167/15.9.13.
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© 2016 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
When stimuli are luminance-defined, the visual system is known to prefer those that are radially oriented with respect to the point of fixation over tangentially oriented ones (the radial bias effect). In two contrast detection experiments and an orientation discrimination experiment, we investigated whether the radial bias effect also exists for chromatic stimuli. The contrast detection experiments revealed the radial bias effect to be color-specific; the effect was present for isoluminant red-green stimuli but absent or in the opposite direction for blue-yellow stimuli with, respectively, low (0.4 c/°) and medium (1 c/°) spatial frequencies. In agreement with previous results, we also found distinct sensitivity distributions for red-green and blue-yellow signals as a function of eccentricity. The results, thus, demonstrate a functional segregation between red-green and blue-yellow signals not only in local but also in nonlocal signal processing.
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