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Scott Fairhall, Jens Schwarzbach, Martijn van Koningsbruggen, Angelika Lingnau, David Melcher; Spatially-Specific Repetition Suppression in Transsaccadic Perception. Journal of Vision 2015;15(12):603. doi: 10.1167/15.12.603.
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Brain representations of visual space are predominantly eye-centered (retinotopic) yet our experience of the world is largely world-centered (spatiotopic). A long-standing question is how the brain creates continuity between these reference frames across successive eye movements (saccades). Here we use fMRI to address whether spatially specific repetition suppression (RS) is evident during transsaccadic perception. Nine participants were presented with two successive Gabor patches (S1 and S2) displayed in either the upper or lower visual field, to the left or right of fixation. Spatial congruency was manipulated by having S1 and S2 occur in the same or different upper/lower visual field. On half the trials, a saccade was cued between S1 and S2, which placed spatiotopic and retinotopic reference frames in opposition. Equivalent frontoparietal RS was observed when S1-S2 were spatiotopically congruent, irrespective of whether retinotopic and spatiotopic coordinates were in accord or were placed in opposition by a saccade. RS was maximal in the superior parietal lobe and the frontal eye fields (p< .005, corrected). Further examination of saccade trials in classically retinotopic visual regions revealed RS for spatially congruent S2 as early as extrastriate (but not striate) cortex (p< .005). Collectively, these results show that transsaccadic RS is contingent on the spatial congruency of the two stimuli, that spatiotopic representations emerge in extrastriate cortex and that by the level of the frontoparietal network, spatiotopically consistent stimuli can be processed in a similar way irrespective of retinotopic congruency.
Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2015
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