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Kentaro Yamamoto, Kayo Miura; Perceived duration of plaid motion increases with pattern speed rather than component speed. Journal of Vision 2012;12(4):1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/12.4.1.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Several studies have shown that visual motion distorts perceived duration: The duration of fast-moving stimuli is judged to be longer than the same duration of stationary or slow-moving stimuli. However, it is still unclear which stages of motion processing are involved in this apparent dilation of the perceived duration. In this study, using a two-dimensional pattern motion of a plaid as a stimulus, we systematically manipulated the speed of pattern and component motions of the plaid to examine which motion information influences the perceived duration of the plaid stimuli. Experiment 1 found that perceived duration increased with pattern speed, even though component speed was constant. Experiments 2 and 3 revealed that perceived duration was unchanged, even though component speed increased, as long as the pattern speed was identical. Experiment 4 used both static and moving plaids and confirmed that the results of Experiments 1–3 reflected duration dilation, not duration compression, induced by motion. These results suggest that higher order visual processing in the middle temporal area may play an important role in motion-induced duration dilation.
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