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Jesse S. Husk, Reza Farivar, Robert F. Hess; Amblyopic deficits in processing structure-from-motion. Journal of Vision 2012;12(4):4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/12.4.4.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Amblyopic observers exhibit a range of low- and high-level cortical deficits, and there is strong evidence that the extrastriate cortex is selectively affected for signal/noise tasks but not for simple integration tasks. We tested amblyopic and control observers on a structure-from-motion (SFM) task involving signal integration to gauge whether extrastriate processing is compromised at a level where dorsal and ventral information is combined. SFM tasks require integration of local elements to perceive the global structure using motion-defined depth cues. Observers were monocularly presented with a 2-IFC shape discrimination task and asked to indicate whether two consecutive SFM stimuli represented the same or different depth-defined shapes. Amblyopic observers had higher depth thresholds than control observers, even after controlling for low-level differences in contrast thresholds across eyes and observers. Combined with the presence of the deficit in both the amblyopic and fellow-fixing eyes, this suggests a high-level locus for the SFM deficit.
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