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Ahmad Yoonessi, Curtis L. Baker; Depth perception from dynamic occlusion in motion parallax: Roles of expansion-compression versus accretion-deletion. Journal of Vision 2013;13(12):10. doi: 10.1167/13.12.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Motion parallax, or differential retinal image motion from observer movement, provides important information for depth perception. We previously measured the contribution of shear motion parallax to depth, which is only composed of relative motion information. Here, we examine the roles of relative motion and accretion-deletion information in dynamic occlusion motion parallax. Observers performed two-alternative forced choice depth-ordering tasks in response to low spatial frequency patterns of horizontal random dot motion that were synchronized to the observer's head movements. We examined conditions that isolated or combined expansion-compression and accretion-deletion across a range of simulated relative depths. At small depths, expansion-compression provided reliable depth perception while accretion-deletion had a minor contribution: When the two were in conflict, the perceived depth was dominated by expansion-compression. At larger depths in the cue-conflict experiment, accretion-deletion determined the depth-ordering performance. Accretion-deletion in isolation did not yield any percept of depth even though, in theory, it provided sufficient information for depth ordering. Thus, accretion-deletion can substantially enhance depth perception at larger depths but only in the presence of relative motion. The results indicate that expansion-compression contributes to depth from motion parallax across a broad range of depths whereas accretion-deletion contributes primarily at larger depths.
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