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Olga Chelnokova, Bruno Laeng; Three-dimensional information in face recognition: An eye-tracking study. Journal of Vision 2011;11(13):27. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/11.13.27.
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One unresolved question about face perception is: what is the role of three-dimensional information in face recognition? In this study, recognition performance was compared across changes in viewpoint in different depth conditions: a 2D condition without stereo information and a 3D condition where stereo information was present (by viewing the same face images as anaglyphs through 3D glasses). Subjects' eye movements were recorded during both 3D and 2D sessions. The findings revealed that participants were more accurate in the 3D condition. Moreover, individual differences in interpupillary distance predicted recognition performance in the 3D but not in the 2D condition. A “region of interest” analysis of gaze data showed that rich volumetric properties provided by certain facial features (e.g., the nose and the cheeks) were attended more in the 3D condition compared to the 2D condition. Taken together, these findings support the conclusion that face recognition across viewpoint transformation is facilitated by the addition of stereoscopic depth cues.
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