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Carolyn J. Perry, Abdullah Tahiri, Mazyar Fallah; Feature integration within and across visual streams occurs at different visual processing stages. Journal of Vision 2014;14(2):10. doi: 10.1167/14.2.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Direction repulsion is a perceptual illusion in which the directions of two superimposed surfaces are repulsed away from the real directions of motion. The repulsion is reduced when the surfaces differ in dorsal stream features such as speed. We have previously shown that segmenting the surfaces by color, a ventral stream feature, did not affect repulsion but instead reduced the time needed to process both surfaces. The current study investigated whether segmenting two superimposed surfaces by a feature coprocessed with direction in the dorsal stream (i.e., speed) would also reduce processing time. We found that increasing the speed of one or both surfaces reduced direction repulsion. Since color segmentation does not affect direction repulsion, these results suggest that motion processing integrates speed and direction prior to forming an object representation that includes ventral stream features such as color. Like our previous results for differences in color, differences in speed also decreased processing time. Therefore, the reduction in processing time derives from a later processing stage where both ventral and dorsal features bound into the object representations can reduce the time needed for decision making when those features differentiate the superimposed surfaces from each other.
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