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Craig K. Abbey, Miguel P. Eckstein; Classification image analysis: Estimation and statistical inference for two-alternative forced-choice experiments. Journal of Vision 2002;2(1):5. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/2.1.5.
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We consider estimation and statistical hypothesis testing on classification images obtained from the two-alternative forced-choice experimental paradigm. We begin with a probabilistic model of task performance for simple forced-choice detection and discrimination tasks. Particular attention is paid to general linear filter models because these models lead to a direct interpretation of the classification image as an estimate of the filter weights. We then describe an estimation procedure for obtaining classification images from observer data. A number of statistical tests are presented for testing various hypotheses from classification images based on some more compact set of features derived from them. As an example of how the methods we describe can be used, we present a case study investigating detection of a Gaussian bump profile.
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