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Baoxia Liu, Clifton M. Schor; Effects of partial occlusion on perceived slant difference. Journal of Vision 2005;5(11):4. doi: 10.1167/5.11.4.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
When two slanted surfaces are placed in proximity, the perceived slant difference between them is exaggerated. This effect has been called slant contrast. When a partial occluder is presented in front of the gap between them, the perceived slant difference between the surfaces is reduced. We refer to this reduction in perceived slant difference as stereo-slant assimilation. We investigated two properties of the occluder that might affect perceived stereo-slant difference. Three vertically aligned random-dot patterns were presented either with a partial occluder over the gaps between them or without it. Observers judged the perceived slant difference between the center pattern and two surround random-dot patterns that had the same slant. The perceived slant difference was reduced when the partial occluder was present. We varied stereo-depth and slant of the occluder and found that the decreased perceived slant difference was not due to either of these. Note that the surfaces were all simulated and presented on a computer screen and the results may not apply to real surfaces. The effect of the occluder on perceived slant differences could have resulted from either a reduction of slant contrast or an increase of slant assimilation.
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