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Gunnar Wendt, Franz Faul, Rainer Mausfeld; Highlight disparity contributes to the authenticity and strength of perceived glossiness. Journal of Vision 2008;8(1):14. doi: 10.1167/8.1.14.
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The disparity of highlights on specular reflecting surfaces usually differs from the disparity of the surface points. A. Kirschmann (1895) proposed that this fact may be used as a binocular cue for gloss perception. This was confirmed by A. Blake and H. Bülthoff (1990) who found that subjects judged the glossiness of convex ellipsoidal surfaces as most realistic if the disparity of the highlights was close to the physical correct one. Extending on this finding, we investigate more closely whether the effect of highlight disparity depends on the sharpness of the highlight and the relative amount of diffuse and specular reflection. We measured the effect of highlight disparity on both perceived strength and perceived authenticity of gloss. We used complex, three-dimensional curved surfaces that were stereoscopically presented on a CRT. The reflection characteristics were varied using the Phong lighting model. Highlights were presented either with or without highlight disparity. In a rating experiment, subjects were asked to judge the strength and the authenticity of the perceived surface glossiness. The presence of highlight disparity lead to an enhancement of both the authenticity and the strength of perceived glossiness. The latter finding was confirmed in an additional matching experiment.
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