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Jean-Claude Piponnier, Jean-Marie Hanssens, Jocelyn Faubert; Effect of visual field locus and oscillation frequencies on posture control in an ecological environment. Journal of Vision 2009;9(1):13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/9.1.13.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To examine the respective roles of central and peripheral vision in the control of posture, body sway amplitude (BSA) and postural perturbations (given by velocity root mean square or vRMS) were calculated in a group of 19 healthy young adults. The stimulus was a 3D tunnel, either static or moving sinusoidally in the anterior–posterior direction. There were nine visual field conditions: four central conditions (4, 7, 15, and 30°); four peripheral conditions (central occlusions of 4, 7, 15, and 30°); and a full visual field condition (FF). The virtual tunnel respected all the aspects of a real physical tunnel (i.e., stereoscopy and size increase with proximity). The results show that, under static conditions, central and peripheral visual fields appear to have equal importance for the control of stance. In the presence of an optic flow, peripheral vision plays a crucial role in the control of stance, since it is responsible for a compensatory sway, whereas central vision has an accessory role that seems to be related to spatial orientation.
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