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Lester C. Loschky, Adam M. Larson; Localized information is necessary for scene categorization, including the
Natural/Man-made distinction. Journal of Vision 2008;8(1):4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/8.1.4.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
What information do people use to categorize scenes? Computational scene classification models have proposed that unlocalized amplitude information, the distribution of spatial frequencies and orientations, is useful for categorizing scenes. Previous research has provided conflicting results regarding this claim. Our previous research (Loschky et al., 2007) has shown that randomly localizing amplitude information (i.e., randomizing phase) greatly disrupts scene categorization at the basic level. Conversely, studies suggesting the usefulness of unlocalized amplitude information have used binary distinctions, e.g., Natural/Man-made. We hypothesized that unlocalized amplitude information contributes more to the Natural/Man-made distinction than basic level distinctions. Using an established set of images and categories, we varied phase randomization and measured participants' ability to distinguish Natural versus Man-made scenes or scenes at the basic level. Results showed that eliminating localized information by phase randomization disrupted scene classification even for the Natural/Man-made distinction, demonstrating that amplitude localization is necessary for scene categorization.
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