August 2009
Volume 9, Issue 8
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   August 2009
Line By Line: Behavioural and EEG evidence for a stroke-order priming effect in letters
Author Affiliations
  • Jim Parkinson
    Department of Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany, and Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, UK
  • Benjamin J. Dyson
    Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada
  • Beena Khurana
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, UK
Journal of Vision August 2009, Vol.9, 834. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Jim Parkinson, Benjamin J. Dyson, Beena Khurana; Line By Line: Behavioural and EEG evidence for a stroke-order priming effect in letters. Journal of Vision 2009;9(8):834. doi:

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

Does the perception of the end-product of an action reflect the temporal sequence of the action that produced it? Human actions have distinct temporal signatures. Letter writing is a particularly prevalent form of motor action involving the production of character strokes in an invariant sequence with a common temporal order. We have previously demonstrated that the temporal order of letter strokes primes letter recognition (Parkinson & Khurana. 2007, QJEP 60(9), 1265–1274): If letters are presented dynamically as an additive sequence of constituent strokes, letter/non-letter judgments are speeded when the temporal order of the strokes is consistent with that used in writing action. This stroke order priming effect is evidence for an influence of learned writing action upon ongoing visual perception of letters. Here we present direct evidence for the influence of the action-consistent temporal sequences on letter perception. We investigated the neural correlates of the stroke order priming effect by measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with early visual processing, both when engaging in speeded letter/non-letter judgments and passively viewing identical stimuli. In accord with the behavioural results, we found that visual processing was speeded for letters that were produced by action-consistent stroke sequences, measured as significant latency shifts in early visual ERP components. Moreover, visual processing was speeded in the action-consistent sequence even prior to it becoming a letter or non-letter, implying that the action-consistent stroke sequence produces a visual prediction for letters before the onset of the letter stimulus. These effects are independent of the letter-judgment task, suggesting that the effect is not a form of response priming. Thus, if the dynamic sequence resembles the actions used to produce a letter, perceptual prediction and speeded visual processing occur for the final stimulus. This is further evidence for an action-perception link for common motor behaviours such as writing.

Parkinson, J. Dyson, B. J. Khurana, B. (2009). Line By Line: Behavioural and EEG evidence for a stroke-order priming effect in letters [Abstract]. Journal of Vision, 9(8):834, 834a,, doi:10.1167/9.8.834. [CrossRef]

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.