May 2008
Volume 8, Issue 6
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2008
A sound can change four-dot masking
Author Affiliations
  • Jean Vroomen
    Tilburg University, Department of Psychology
  • Mirjam Keetels
    Tilburg University, Department of Psychology
Journal of Vision May 2008, Vol.8, 174. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Jean Vroomen, Mirjam Keetels; A sound can change four-dot masking. Journal of Vision 2008;8(6):174.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

Purpose: A sound can temporally attract the perceived occurrence of a flash (temporal ventriloquism). Typically, this has been demonstrated in a visual temporal order judgement (TOJ) task where sensitivity about the order of two visual events (which came first?) is improved when the flashes are flanked by two task-irrelevant sounds. Here, we tested the generality of this finding by studying the consequences of irrelevant sounds in a visual task not involving explicit temporal order judgments. Methods: A four-dot masking paradigm was used in which perception of a briefly displayed visual target is impaired if followed by four dots arranged in a square (mask). The amount of masking depends on the relative timing (SOA) between the target and the mask. We compared the masking function of a silent condition with ones in which one or two sounds were presented either before, at, or after the target and/or mask. Results: Sounds presented ∼100 ms before the target improved visual discrimination of the target if compared to the silent condition. Conclusions: Temporal ventriloquism and/or general alerting effects by the sounds could be demonstrated in a task where visual temporal order is irrelevant.

Vroomen, J. Keetels, M. (2008). A sound can change four-dot masking [Abstract]. Journal of Vision, 8(6):174, 174a,, doi:10.1167/8.6.174. [CrossRef]

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.