Purchase this article with an account.
Kristina Neely, Matthew Heath; Visuomotor mental rotation: Reaction time is determined by the complexity of sensorimotor transformations supporting the response. Journal of Vision 2010;10(7):1072. doi: 10.1167/10.7.1072.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
In the visuomotor mental rotation (VMR) task, participants execute a center-out reaching movement to a location that deviates from a visual cue by a predetermined angle. Seminal work from Georgopoulos and Massey (1987) revealed a linear increase in reaction time (RT) as a function of increasing instruction angle, for angles of 5, 10, 15, 35, 70, 105 and 140°. This finding led to the mental rotation model, which asserts that response preparation is mediated by the imagined rotation of the movement vector (Georgopoulos and Massey, 1987). We recently demonstrated that the mental rotation model does not account for RT in all VMR tasks. Specifically, we revealed a RT advantage for the 180° instruction angle relative to 90° (Neely and Heath, 2009, in press). We interpreted this as evidence that 180° is mediated by a vector inversion strategy; however, we were unable to determine whether 90° invoked a mental rotation strategy. The goal of the present work was to examine 90° and 180° in concert with a set of intermediary angles to determine whether 180° is a special case of VMR. To that end, we evaluated two independent sets of instruction angles: 0, 5, 10, 15, 35, 70, 105 and 140° (Experiment One) and 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, and 210° (Experiment Two). The results revealed a linear increase in RT as a function of instruction angle for Experiment One. In contrast, the results for Experiment Two revealed a non-linear relationship between RT and instruction angle; specifically, we observed a RT advantage for 180°, followed by 30° and 90°. Such results provide convergent evidence that response planning in the VMR task is not universally mediated by a mental rotation strategy. Rather, we contend that RT is determined by the complexity of the visuomotor transformations supporting the voluntary response.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only