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Marwan Daar, Hugh R. Wilson; Face viewpoint aftereffect in peripheral vision. Journal of Vision 2010;10(7):641. doi: 10.1167/10.7.641.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Previous research has shown the existence of the face viewpoint aftereffect (Fang & He, 2005), where adapting to a left or right oriented face causes a perceptual shift in the orientation of a subsequently presented frontal face. Thus far, this aftereffect has only been explored in the central region of the visual field. In the current study we used a novel adaptation technique which differs from previous studies in that in each trial there was one adapting stimulus followed by two simultaneously presented test stimuli. Here, the adapting stimulus was displayed in either half of the visual field, and the two test stimuli were displayed in both halves of the visual field, separated by ±3.3 degrees of visual angle. Instead of judging whether a single test stimulus was oriented to the left or to the right (relative to straight ahead), subjects judged whether one test stimulus was oriented to the left or to the right of the other stimulus. Since only one of the test stimuli is presented in the adapted region, this allows us to assess the strength of the aftereffect by measuring the perceived differences between the two stimuli. This technique has the advantage of allowing aftereffects to be probed relative to arbitrary orientations, rather than to those that are exclusively centered around 0 degrees. Using this technique, we discovered that a viewpoint aftereffect occurs in the periphery. An additional finding was a bias in the left visual field to perceive faces in the periphery as facing slightly more towards the observers (p <0.006). The effects of adapting and testing with faces in the upper and lower halves of the visual field were also tested.
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