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Anish Mittal, Rajiv Soundararajan, Gautam Muralidhar, Joydeep Ghosh, Alan Bovik; Unnaturalness Modeling of Image Distortions. Journal of Vision 2012;12(9):766. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/12.9.766.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Natural scene statistic (NSS) models are effective tools for formulating models of early visual processing. One area where NSS models have been successful is predicting human responses to image distortions, or image quality assessment (IQA) by quantifying unnaturalness introduced by distortions. Recent Blind IQA models use NSS features to form predictions of human judgments of distorted image quality without having available corresponding undistorted reference images. Successful learning blind models have previously been developed that learn to accurately predict human opinions of image quality by training them on databases of distorted images and associated human opinion scores. We introduce new NSS feature based blind IQA models that require even less information to attain good results. If human opinion scores of distorted images are not available, but a database of distorted images is, then opinion-less blind IQA models can be created that perform well. We have also found it possible to design blind IQA models without any source of prior information other than a database of distortionless "exemplar" images. An algorithm derived from such a completely blind model has only the distorted image to be quality-assessed available. Our new blind IQA models (Fig. 1) follow four processing steps (Fig. 2). Images are decomposed by an energy compacting filter bank then divisive normalized, yielding responses well-modeled as NSS. Either NSS features alone, or both NSS and distorted image statistic (DSS) features are used to create distributions of visual words. Quality prediction is expressed in terms of the Kullback-Leibler divergence between the distributions of visual words from distorted images and from the space of exemplar images. Both opinion blind and completely blind models compete well with standard non-blind metrics such as mean squared error (MSE) when tested on a large public IQA database (Tables 1 and 2).
Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2012
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