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Serge O. Dumoulin, B.M. Harvey; Reconstructing human population receptive field properties. Journal of Vision 2012;12(9):1393. doi: 10.1167/12.9.1393.
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We describe a method that reconstructs population receptive field (pRF) properties in human visual cortex using fMRI. This data-analysis technique is able to reconstruct several properties of the underlying neural population, such as quantitative estimates of the pRF position (maps), size as well as suppressive surrounds. PRF sizes increase with increasing eccentricity and up the visual hierarchy. In the same human subject, fMRI pRF measurements are comparable to those derived from subdural electrocorticography (ECoG). Furthermore, we describe a close relationship of pRF sizes to the cortical magnification factor (CMF). Within V1, interhemisphere and subject variations in CMF, pRF size, and V1 surface area are correlated. This suggests a constant processing unit shared between humans. PRF sizes increase between visual areas and with eccentricity, but when expressed in V1 cortical surface area (i.e., cortico-cortical pRFs), they are constant across eccentricity in V2 and V3. Thus, V2, V3, and to some degree hV4, sample from a constant extent of V1. This underscores the importance of V1 architecture as a reference frame for subsequent processing stages and ultimately perception.
Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2012
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