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Steven S. Shimozaki; Uncued and cued dynamics measured by response classification. Journal of Vision 2010;10(8):10. doi: 10.1167/10.8.10.
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Attention as a serial contiguous spotlight has met challenges from parallel-noisy models and evidence that attention can split across multiple locations. To assess this question, this study compared the dynamics at cued and uncued locations during a cueing task through response classification. Four observers performed a yes/no contrast discrimination of Gabors appearing at two locations, with simultaneous cues appearing at one location with 80% validity. Stimuli were presented for 272 ms in ‘contrast noise’; the peak contrasts of the Gabors varied randomly across 12 intervals of the stimulus duration. Response classification yielded a ‘classification number’ for each location (cued and uncued) and interval, giving two classification number functions (cued and uncued) across the stimulus duration. Serial models predict delays in the uncued functions, whereas parallel models do not. No evidence for delays at uncued locations was found, with no significant differences for the amplitude-matched cued and uncued functions, or for the functions' peak times after smoothing with third-degree polynomials. Also, the relative integrals between the cued and uncued functions were fit well to a parallel-noisy weighted likelihood model assuming a linear summation of responses across intervals. Thus, a parallel description of attention seemed to best explain the results in this study.
Note: *=p < .05.
Note: * = p < .05.
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