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Aaron Johnson, Rick Gurnsey; Size scaling compensates for sensitivity loss produced by a simulated central scotoma in a shape-from-texture task. Journal of Vision 2010;10(12):18. doi: 10.1167/10.12.18.
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Studies of eccentricity-dependent sensitivity loss typically require participants to maintain fixation while making judgments about stimuli presented at a range of sizes and eccentricities. However, training participants to fixate can prove difficult, and as stimulus size increases, they become poorly localized and may even encroach on the fovea. In the present experiment, we controlled eccentricity of stimulus presentation using a simulated central scotoma of variable size. Participants were asked to perform a 27-alternative forced-choice shape-from-texture task in the presence of a simulated scotoma, with stimulus size and scotoma radius as the independent variables. The resulting psychometric functions for each simulated scotoma were shifted versions of each other on a log size axis. Therefore, stimulus magnification was sufficient to equate sensitivity to shape from texture for all scotoma radii. Increasing scotoma radius also disrupts eye movements, producing increases in fixation frequency and duration, as well as saccade length.
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