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Dirk Kerzel, Leily Zarian, Angélique Gauch, Simona Buetti; Large effects of peripheral cues on appearance correlate with low precision. Journal of Vision 2010;10(11):26. doi: 10.1167/10.11.26.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
In a previous study (M. Carrasco, S. Ling, & S. Read, 2004), observers selected one of two Gabors that appeared to have higher contrast (comparative judgment). A peripheral cue preceded one of the Gabors by 120 ms. Results showed that the cue increased the perceived contrast of the adjacent Gabor. We replicated the experiment and found correlations between the precision of judgments and perceptual cueing effects. Larger cueing effects occurred in conditions with less precise judgments and in observers who saw less difference between the stimuli. Further, we asked observers to judge whether the two Gabors were equal or different (equality judgment). This method avoids decision biases but turned out to be less efficient. Cueing effects were absent for equality judgments and trained observers but present for untrained observers with poor ability to discriminate the stimuli. In another experiment, we showed that when observers' responses became more rapid over the course of the experiment, a cueing effect in brightness perception emerged that is unlikely to reflect perceptual changes. Overall, the results show that large effects of peripheral cues on appearance correlate with poor ability to discriminate the stimuli. We suggest that the cue biased observers' decision but did not affect their perception.
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